In this step-by-step tutorial, we show you how to create a swap file in Ubuntu to increase the memory. This is useful when the physical memory of the system is not enough to run all the running applications and processes. We show you how to create an empty swap file, set permissions, mark it as a swap area, enable it, and add it to the /etc/fstab file to ensure it is automatically enabled on system restart. This tutorial is suitable for users with root access or sudo privileges.
Step 1: Check if a swap file already exists
Run one of the following commands to check if a swap file already exists:
sudo swapon --show
Step 2: Create an empty swap file
If no swap file exists, create an empty file using the command:
sudo fallocate -l 1G /swapfile
This creates a 1 GB swap file named
swapfile in the root directory. You can specify a different size by adjusting the value of
Step 3: Set the permissions of the swap file
Set the permissions of the swap file using the command:
sudo chmod 600 /swapfile
Step 4: Mark the swap file as a swap area
Mark the swap file as a swap area using the command:
sudo mkswap /swapfile
Step 5: Enable the swap file
Enable the swap file using the command:
sudo swapon /swapfile
Step 6: Add the swap file to the /etc/fstab file
To ensure that the swap file is automatically enabled on system restart, add it to the /etc/fstab file using the command:
sudo bash -c "echo '/swapfile none swap sw 0 0' >> /etc/fstab"
Step 7: Done!
The memory should now be successfully increased. You can check the current swap status using the
free -h command.
In this tutorial, you learned how to create a swap file in Ubuntu to increase the memory. A swap file is a useful way to increase the memory of the system by moving parts of the memory to the hard drive. It is important to note that using swap files can affect the performance of the system, as access to the hard drive is slower than access to memory. Therefore, you should only use swap files when they are actually needed.